External stake-holders of non-profits include donors and the clients of the non-profit's services. For government agencies, external stakeholders include tax-payers, higher-level government agencies, and international lending bodies such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, various economic agencies of the United Nations, and development banks.
Total quality management (TQM) is a business management strategy aimed at embedding awareness of quality in all organizational processes. TQM has been widely used in manufacturing, education, call centers, government, and service industries, as well as NASA space and science programs.
Financial Plan- This is the most important part of the business plan where you need to show the three year projection of the projected financial statements, including income statements, pro-forma balance sheets, and monthly cash flow and annual cash flow statements which will help in forecasting your revenues and expenses.
Marketing strategy- The right direction to achieve the goals of the business is to adopt the right marketing strategy. You have to define your target market segments properly and highlight the unique selling proposition of your services or products and how you are different from your customers with regards to your services or products. You have to talk about the pricing or promotional strategies which you will adopt such as tradeshows, press-magnet events, social media marketing (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, etc.), networking, and print, media or online advertising. You need to specify in the business plan which selling strategy you will adopt, online, wholesalers, storefront and also describe the target markets buying cycle.
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